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|To create a cloze
test that provides significant information about student knowledge,
all words of a specific part of speech from an
appropriate sample of writing are left blank. For example, the teacher may chose to
leave blank all prepositions, or all verb tenses. Students are
asked to provide the correct word from the specific part of speech each blank space. In
another example, all
small functor words could be eliminated.
Cloze tests must be planned so that there is never
any ambiguity about a correct answer.
Some sub-skills which can be tested
in a cloze test are:
- specific parts of speech
- the correct verb form
- the correct verb tense
- definite and indefinite articles
Hints for planning and taking a
- The tests are planned carefully so that
there is only one possible correct answer for each blank space.
- Teachers should determine the particular
sub-skill required in the test.
- Students should be able to determine what sub-skill is
A cloze test can test knowledge of
Every day, thousands of people jog. Why
has jogging--running slowly for long distances--become so popular? Donald Robbins, who is forty-two years old and works in an
office, began jogging a few years ago because he felt ____ was too fat. At first
____ could only run about
100 yards. ____ took him almost three months to be able to run a full mile.
Two years later, ___ ran in the Boston Marathon, over twenty-six
miles. Do ___ jog, too? If ____ decide to jog,, be sure to ask your doctor
for advice. Does jogging cost much? No, ____costs almost
nothing. Most people agree that good running shoes are
very important. ____ protect your feet and legs from the shock of running on hard surfaces. If
jogging, ____ could make your heart stronger and also help ___ feel better
There are four pronouns that need to be
added: he it you they.
Read the article
carefully and add the correct pronoun in each blank space.
Multiple choice cloze tests can
assess a variety of language sub-skills. A careful decision must be
made by the teacher if the test is to evaluate an element of grammar (for
example, verb tense,) or the appropriate vocabulary.
The answers in
a multiple choice cloze test are enclosed within a parenthesis.
The following test evaluates a student's
ability to choose the correct vocabulary.
Once the bodies (told/were /said) removed, the Greenville police (sealed/put/said) off the area around the ruins (because/however/and) kept the crowd away. Within hours, the (premises/songs/spoons) were given to an FBI team from Jackson,
and before dark a demolition unit was (eating/sifting/dancing) through the rubble. Dozens of FBI agents (solemnly/happily/totally) began the tedious (task/bag/meal) of picking up every (gigantic/tiny/careful) piece, examining (them/it/him), showing it to someone (other/false/else), then (pulling/packing/filling) it away to be fitted (together/within/sadly) on another day. An (angry/empty/hungry) cotton warehouse on the (top/cold/edge) of town was (showed/demolished/leased) and became the (repository/plate/work) for the rubble.
With time, the FBI (had/is/would)
confirm what it initially (assumed/tried/put ). The killer had used
dynamite, a timer, and a few wires. The weapon had been just a basic bomb (blocked/fished/hooked)
together by a hack lucky enough not (to
do/to be) killed himself.
John Gresham, The Chamber