Shared tasks present the class with an
objective to which each student can contribute at his/her own
Examples of shared tasks
Beginning-level students can collaborate in
finding the different sections of the newspaper and writing their titles.
Intermediate students can research the Internet or sections of the
newspaper for information of specific interest (e.g., shopping, a
famous person). Advanced students can prepare
reports on news articles from the Internet or newspapers.
Planning a class outing (e.g., a trip to a
Beginning level students can check bus
admission prices, or phone for information from the museum's answering machine. More advanced students can plan
transportation routes using
maps, or research the topic for the outing.
Publishing a class newspaper
Beginning-level students can draw a picture of their
home, job, or family and write a few words to describe the picture.
Intermediate students can attempt to write a simple story about an
experience. Advanced students can collaborate to write about an
experience they have shared (e.g., how they felt on their first day in
Team work divides the class into two (or
more) teams. Each team contains beginning, intermediate, and advanced
Examples of team work
Two or more teams in the class can compete in
such activities as spelling bees. The teacher adjusts any challenges according to each student's ability.
Each group can compete to
create the best poster to announce an important event.
Group work can offer a number of choices of
divisions within the class.
Examples of group work
Dividing the class into ability groups
allows students to function at their own level. Students feel
satisfaction after performing such tasks.
allow students with the same deficiencies to practice together, e.g.,
practicing past tense, recognition of fragment phrases, or the use of
efforts, e.g., writing and producing a class play. All students
can contribute at some level.
groups, e.g., exercises in problem solving.