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Are you knowing the way to Greenville?


In most contexts, verbs are dynamic. They relate to action or to temporary or changeable conditions.

Jack was quietly resting in a deck chair.   

Verbs like BE, HAVE, and KNOW are stative, or undynamic. Their meanings are unchangeable or permanent. 

Rose knew a great deal personal character.

Rose was knowing a great deal her mother's character.   

Some verbs may be used either statively or dynamically.  However, the meaning of their stative and dynamic forms are different.

The first class passengers are living in luxurious quarters. (Dynamic; intended to describe a condition happening in the present.) 

First class passengers live in luxury. (Stative; intended to describe an unchanging, habitual condition.)

Here are examples of dynamic verbs used incorrectly as stative verbs.  

The waiter knows how to cater to the first class passengers.

The waiter is knowing how to cater to the first class passengers!


The chef has a feeling of pleasure when passengers enjoy his food.

The chef is having a feeling of pleasure when passengers enjoy his food.