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Here are some natural speech patterns in English.      

Yes / no questions may be asked and answered with the use of the auxiliary DO  In the answer, the main verb is not repeated. These replies are fragments. Yes / no questions may be asked and answered with BE. 

Does Susan like dancing? Yes, she does.

Are you a student? Yes, I am.    

Do you like to dance? No, I don't.

Is your brother tired? Yes, he is.


Yes / no questions are often answered with the simple negative or affirmative words "yes" and "no." These one-word answers are fragments. 

Do you like vanilla ice cream? Yeah! 

Are you married? No.


Other one-word replies, such as "maybe" and "perhaps", are common.

Are you coming to the dance? Maybe.  


Information questions usually elicit only the information required.The answer is usually contained in a simple phrase and is called a fragment

What time is it? Ten o'clock.


Information questions are answered in phrases, or fragments.

Where are you going? When are you going?

To the supermarket.  In a minute.


The you (understood) in commands is always eliminated.

Come here!


Interruptions are common in conversation. This usually means that the the listener had understood the question from the context of the conversation.   

Is Susan a ...She's a student.


Non-words, such as filler words and false starts, are common in English..  

Uh, you know, er, uhm