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Adjectival complex sentences consist of

an independent clause and a dependent adjectival clause.  

 

 There are several words which can create an adjectival clause.
who
which
that
whom
where
 These words are subject pronouns, such as who, and object pronouns, such as whom. Such pronouns are known as relative pronouns. Included in these words that create adjectival clauses is the adverbial question, where. 
 The words that create adjectival clauses always directly follow the noun to which they refer. This noun may be called the antecedent, or the referent. 
 

              

 

 

 

Examine these examples of adjectival dependent clauses, which are in red

Raspberries, which are a fragile fruit, can soften and rot quickly. On the other hand, pears, which are a stronger fruit, have a longer life.  Pineapples, which may last a long time, are a tropical fruit.           

What is your favorite fruit?  My brother, who likes berries, travels to Michigan every July for the blueberries and raspberries that grow in abundance in that state's cool climate. My favorite fruits, which are citrus, grow in Florida and California, where the weather is warm. My sister, who lives in Pennsylvania, loves melons. Tropical fruits, which are very sweet and juicy, are perfect for hot climates, where they grow in abundance. People  who live in tropical climates depend on these fruits for energy and nutrition. It is good to mix fruits which come from all parts of the world!     

 Any fruits which appear to be spoiled may be used in cooking. It is possible to make delicious compotes, breads, and cakes with soft fruits which you may have wanted to throw away. In places where people are very frugal, women save ripe fruit. My grandmother, whom I remember fondly, had great recipes for banana bread and pineapple upside-down cake, which I would be happy to send to you by e-mail, wherever you live!    

 
A sentence may contain more than one independent clause, or more than one adjectival dependent clause.  

 Bob, who ate the apples, and Marcie, who ate the pears, are brother and sister.

Bob, who ate the apples, is eighteen years old, but his sister, Marcie, who ate the pears, is only sixteen.   

Click here for adjectivals.