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PAULO and los Indios

appearing live on stage

Saturdays at 9 PM

 

The Secrets of

as unfolded by 

Paulo and los Indios

 

 

Los Indios and Paulo know that only can function as an adverb, a conjunction, an adjective, and a preposition. The important rule in English is that only should always precede the word that it modifies in a phrase. Although this is an important rule in standard English grammar, it is routinely ignored or broken in general English usage, even by educated people!  

The rule: Only must precede the phrase it modifies.

Only

Used Correctly

Paulo Tique immigrated from Peru to San Francisco only two years ago, but today he speaks English very well. He listens to hip-hop music and salsa, and plays Peruvian folk music with an Andean music group known as los Indios. The group performs only on Saturday nights  because the musicians work as computer programmers during the week. Paulo loves to play the music of his native land, and has only one problem: if only he could practice more!  At the moment, the flute is his only instrument, but he would also like to study and play the harp and the drums. You can listen to Paulo and los Indios on Saturday nights, only don't expect a seat in the cafe unless you arrive well before their performance begins at nine o'clock. Paulo has missed only one performance in two years!

 

 

Only

Used Incorrectly

Paulo Tique only immigrated from Peru to San Francisco two years ago, but today he speaks English very well. He listens to hip-hop music and salsa and plays Peruvian folk music with an Andean music group known as los Indios. The group only performs on weekends because they work as computer programmers during the week.  Paulo loves to play the music of his native land, and only has one problem. If he could only practice more!  At the moment, only the flute is his instrument, but he would also like to study and play the harp and the drums. You can listen to Paulo and los Indios on Saturday nights, only don't expect a seat in the cafe unless you arrive well before their performance begins at nine o'clock. Paulo has only missed one performance in two years!

Only

Used as adverb, conjunction, preposition, adjective

Adverb

Paulo only plays instruments; he doesn't sing. 

Conjunction

You can listen to Paulo and los Indios on Saturday nights, only don't expect a seat in the cafe unless you arrive well before the performance begins at nine o'clock. 

Preposition

Paulo immigrated from Peru only two years ago. 

Adjective

Among the members of the ensemble, only Paulo can play the flute.

The flute is the only instrument that Paulo can play.