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 Modals and the Present Perfect Aspect

Shari and Louise


The Story of Shari, Louise, and Johanna

Shari and Louise would have won the skating competition if they had tried harder. They should not have stopped to rest during the race.  While they rested, Johanna passed them.  In fact, Johanna could have passed them several times over.  Johanna is a terrific skater. She may have created a new record! 

At the end of this race, Johanna will have won her third medal.  She already might have become state champion!  


The modals and the present perfect aspect are combined.


would have won 

may have created

should not have

will have won

could have passed

may have become