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There are currently approximately 6,000 languages in the world. Many of these languages are quickly disappearing and are being replaced by some of the languages of commerce marked on the map. English is currently the most important language of commerce. All languages have ways of indicating what function each word serves in a phrase and clause. In many languages, these functions (case, number, gender) are indicated by morphemes that are added to the words. In English, the function of each word is indicated by its word order.

What are case, number, and gender?  

Click her for case.

Click here for number.

Click here for gender.