Up ] Introduction to  verbs ] Pattern Charts and Exercises ] Beginning ESL Notional-Functional Dictionary and Activities ] Verb Tenses and Moods ] Voice ] Advanced Verb Tenses ] Nouns and Nominals ] Substitutions for Nouns ] Verbs that Function as Nouns ] Adjectives and Adjectivals ] Adverbs and Adverbials ] Grammatical Functors ] How are sentences created? ] How is grammar constructed? ] Linguistics Tutorial ] The Importance of Clauses ] Writing Mechanics ] The Arts of  Listening and Speaking ] Readings in Your American Heritage ] Introduction to Phrasal Verbs ] Games and Grammar Exercises ] Commonly-Used Words that Defy Grammar Rules ] The Verb Be ] [ Inflection ] All about Tests ] Practice Applications and Forms for Literacy Sudents ] Planning for Multi-Level Classses ] Creating and Building Literacy ] An Introduction to Formal Grammar ]


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There are currently approximately 6,000 languages in the world. Many of these languages are quickly disappearing and are being replaced by some of the languages of commerce marked on the map. English is currently the most important language of commerce. All languages have ways of indicating what function each word serves in a phrase and clause. In many languages, these functions (case, number, gender) are indicated by morphemes that are added to the words. In English, the function of each word is indicated by its word order.

What are case, number, and gender?  

Click her for case.

Click here for number.

Click here for gender.