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Gender is not as ambiguous as you might think!

Gender is an indication of something masculine, feminine, or neuter. 
Many languages divide all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and determiners into masculine, feminine, or neuter forms.
In English, the distinction between masculine and feminine is limited to people and, occasionally, to other living things, such as cow and bull.  All other objects are neuter.
Old English had gender divisions in nouns, adjectives, and pronouns. Today, in modern English, pronouns are the only remnants of that practice.       

French nouns and adjectives

le petit jardin                                              

la belle mer

English pronouns 

He knows how to swim.

His car is parked in the driveway.

I visited him yesterday.

She is a remarkable woman.

They hired her for the job yesterday.

Her dress was stained.

  

Examples of English noun phrases

the old trees

the torn paper

the rickety chair

the broken mirror