Up ] The Functional Approach to Grammar ] A Preparation for Formal Grammar ] Different Functions of Communication ] Theme and Rheme ] Identifying Subjects and Objects ] The Operator ] Coordinators ] Linking and Binding ] Stative and Dynamic Verbs ] [ Modality ] Polarity ] Descriptors ] Clefting ] Fun with Clefting ] Speech Acts ] From Deep Structure to Surface Structure ] Surface Structure 1 ] Surface Structure 2 ]


Table of Contents

About Linguistics, Inc.

Join Linguistics, Inc.




The nine modals express complex functions. Among these functions are:    


Most of the wealthy women on the Titanic will probably be saved.                                                                             

Jennifer and Carlos may see the movie twice.

Deductions and Predictions                                                                                                                                 

Jack and Rose will surely drown together. 


 Rose should follow her heart.


 Jack and Rose must leave the Titanic immediately. 

Future Time                                                                                                                                                       

Jennifer will certainly see the movie again. 


Jack would give his life for Rose.  

Potential / Ability                                                                                                                                              

Perhaps Jack might have been be a great artist. 

Carlos and Jennifer can see the movie many times. 

Rose could have saved herself by going on the lifeboat with her mother.


Click here for the nine modals.