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Independent and dependent are joined by linking and binding. 

The President of the White Star Line saved himself while the passengers drowned. 

Independent clauses are linked together by a coordinating conjunction.

The Capitan of the Titanic went down with the ship, but the President of the White Star Line saved his own life by taking a seat on a lifeboat.

Independent and dependent clauses are bound together. The dependent clause cannot be separated from the independent clause.

While Rose never wore the necklace her fiancÚ had given her, she kept it with her until her death as a memory of Jack.

Rose, who never wore the necklace, loved Jack.