Up ] Some Adverbial Subordinators ] [ Adverbial Movement ]

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 An adverbial clause cannot be written without an accompanying independent clause.
 In the "deep structure" of grammar, adverbial clauses follow the independent clause.
 An adverbial clause may be moved. When this happens, it is placed before the subject of the independent clause.
 If an adverbial clauses comes before the subject of the independent clause, it must be separated from the independent clause by a comma. 

Adverbial clauses that come after the independent clause are not separated from the independent clause by any punctuation. 

Adverbial clauses that come  before the independent clause are separated from the independent clause by a comma. 

Sam and Nancy rested together on the beach after they had swum two miles.  

After they had swum two miles, Sam and Nancy rested together on the beach. 

Sam and Nancy realized that they liked each other as they talked.

As Sam and Nancy talked, they realized that they liked each other. 

It would be wonderful if Sam and Nancy were to fall in love with each other!

If Sam and Nancy were to fall in love with each other, it  would be wonderful!  

Click here for the comma.