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The participle forms of some verbs may be used as adjectives!

 
The present participle (continuous participle*) form of the adjective refers to the effect that the subject of the clause creates or makes on something or someone else.
The past participle (perfect-passive participle*) form of the adjective refers to how the subject of the clause is affected or has been affected by someone or something else.

 

An example of the continuous and perfect-passive participles used as adjectives:

 

 

The cat was frightened by a visit to the veterinarian.  

A visit to the veterinarian was frightening to the cat.

 

 

Some Continuous Participles Used as Adjectives  

boring

frightening

interesting

tiring

exciting

 

The present participle form of the adjective serves as a complement to the subject with the verb be. It refers to the effect something or someone has on something or someone else. 
The class was boring.
The tornado was frightening.
The book that I read was very interesting.
The trip was very tiring.
New York City is exciting. 

 

Some Perfect-Passive Participles Used as Adjectives

bored

frightened

interested

tired

excited

The past participle form of the adjective serves as a compliment to the subject with the verb be.  It refers to how someone or something is affected by someone or something else. 
I am always bored in class.
Sally feels frightened when there is a storm.
John is interested in theatre.
We were tired after the trip.
Doung was excited to be in New York City.

* The present participle may be called the continuous participle because it is used to form the continuous tenses. The past participle may be called the perfect-passive participle because it is used to form the perfect tenses and the passive voice.