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Perhaps you know that an adjective is a word that modifies a noun. Adjectives are part of a linguistic category known as adjectivials.

What's an adjectivial?

Adjectivials are words,  phrases, or clauses that provide information about who, whom, what, or where.  

Q:  What is an adjectivial phrase?

A:  An adjectivial phrase may include:

one single adjective, e.g., handsome

an adjective and an intensifier, e.g., very handsome

a string of adjectives arranged in a specified order, e.g., very tall, dark, and handsome

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Q:  What's an adjectivial clause?

A:  Adjectivial clauses include a subject and a finite verb phrase. They are dependent clauses that modify a noun in the independent clause.

Dallas, where Julia was born, is a city with very hot weather.

Robert, who is a student at Harvard , will graduate next June.

The cat caught the mouse that ran across the floor.

The man whom I saw on the bus was my neighbor.

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Q:  Is there a difference between adjectives and adjectivials?

A:  Adjectives are single words that describe who, whom, what, or where  Adjectivials are words, phrases, or clauses that do the same.  In other words, "adjectives" fall under the larger category of "adjectivials."  The adjectivials in this sentence are written in red.  

The old bronze bell, which had hung in the bell tower for over a century, finally developed a very large crack that could not be repaired.